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Industry Overview

World Production, Consumption and Trade of Rubber

In 2016, total world production of rubber reached 26.9 million tonnes, growing at an annual average rate of 2.2% from 23.7 million tonnes in 2010. Natural rubber, with production estimated at 12.3 million tonnes, accounted for 46% of world rubber production, while synthetic rubber production accounted for 54%, with production in 2016 estimated at 14.6 million tonnes.

Chart 1: World Production, Consumption and Trade of Rubber, 2010-2016 (thousand tonnes)

World Production, Consumption and Trade of Rubber

Source: International Rubber Study Group (IRSG)

 

Malaysia's Production, Consumption and Trade of Rubber

Consumption

Malaysia is the world's eighth largest consumer of rubber in 2016. The other countries in the top ten ranking include China, the USA, India, Japan, Thailand, Brazil, Indonesia, Germany and Russia. In terms of consumption of NR, Malaysia is behind China, India, the USA, Japan, Thailand and Indonesia. Other major consumers of NR include Brazil, South Korea and Germany.

With the availability of quality raw materials, political stability, and modern infrastructure as well as research and development (R&D) support from the Malaysian Rubber Board (MRB) and the Tun Abdul Razak Research Centre (TARRC), Malaysia remains a global player in rubber, supplying the world market with a wide range of rubber products.

Access the MREPC Marketplace for a comprehensive list of Malaysian-made rubber products and rubber product manufacturers.

Production

Malaysia is the world's fifth largest producer of NR after Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam and China. NR production in Malaysia decreased by 6.6% from 0.72 million tonnes in 2015 to 0.67 million tonnes in 2016. Exports of NR recorded a decline of 10.7% from 1.1 million tonnes in 2015 to 1.0 million tonnes in 2016. Nonetheless, Malaysia is still a net exporter of NR. Consumption of NR increased by 4% from 474.7 million tonnes in 2015 to 493.5 million tonnes in 2016. Consumers can look towards Malaysia as a source of supply for quality raw rubber of SMR (Standard Malaysian Rubber) grades, specialty rubber such as ENR, DPNR and TPENR and latex concentrates including Low Protein Latex. Meanwhile, SR production in Malaysia increased by 23% from 0.10 million tonnes in 2015 to 0.12 millon tonnes in 2016. Similarly, exports of SR also recorded an increase of 49.7% from 0.08 million tonnes in 2015 to 0.11 million tonnes in 2016. However, Malaysia is still a net importer of SR.

Chart 2: Malaysia's Production, Consumption and Trade of Rubber, 2010-2016 (thousand tonnes)

Malaysia Production, Consumption and Trade of Rubber

Source: International Rubber Study Group (IRSG)

 

Rubber Products

Exports

Exports of rubber products from Malaysia surpassed RM18 billion in 2016, recording a growth of 0.9% year-on-year. The growth in exports was fuelled by the non-latex goods category, where footwear reported strong export performance with a growth of 28% from previous year, along with 5% expansion in the general rubber goods segment. Seals and gaskets, automotive parts and accessories, floor coverings and mats, as well as fenders were among the high growth products in the general rubber goods category. Nonetheless, the latex goods remained the largest contributor to Malaysian exports of rubber products, reaching RM14.6 billion in 2016 and accounted for 80.7% of the total exports of rubber products in the year. Rubber gloves under the latex goods category continued to contribute significantly to total exports of rubber products, reaching RM13.3 billion in export value or 73.2% of the total value of all rubber products exported.

Chart 3: Malaysia's Exports of Rubber Products, 2010-2016 (RM million)

Malaysia Exports of Rubber Products

Source: Department of Statistics (DOS), Malaysia

Chart 4: Malaysia's Exports of Non-Latex Goods, 2010-2016 (RM million)

Malaysia Exports of Non-Latex Goods

Source: Department of Statistics (DOS), Malaysia

Destination

Malaysian rubber products are currently exported to more than 190 countries globally. The USA, Germany and Japan remained the largest markets for Malaysian rubber products, accounting for over 40% of Malaysia's total exports of rubber products. Other important markets for Malaysian rubber products include China, UK, Brazil and Australia.

Chart 5: Malaysia's Exports of Rubber Products by Destination, 2016

Malaysia Exports of Rubber Products by Destination in 2015

Source: Department of Statistics (DOS), Malaysia

 

Malaysia's Exports of Selected Rubber Products

Malaysia is globally renowned for its high quality and competitively priced rubber products. Malaysian rubber products manufacturers comprise multinationals and joint ventures from various countries including the USA, Europe and Japan, as well as locally-owned enterprises. These companies supply a whole range of rubber products including medical gloves, automotive components, hoses and structural bearings.

Malaysia remain the world's leading supplier for medical gloves (examination and surgical gloves), satisfying more than 50% of global demand. Malaysia is also one of the world's leading supplier of foley catheters, condoms and latex threads (in value terms). Latex thread is mainly used in the apparel industry as elastic bands and supports. Other latex products produced in Malaysia include teats and soothers as well as finger stalls. Malaysia also produces an extensive range of industrial rubber products such as hoses, beltings, seals, wires and cables for the global market.

 

Table 1 : Malaysia's Exports of Selected Rubber Products, 2010-2016

Rubber Product Value (RM Million)
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Gloves, Other Than Surgical Gloves
7,930.1
8,817.0
9,489.2
9,363.2
9,436.5
11,764.8
11,848.8
Surgical Gloves
985.4
1,074.5
1,070.6
1,170.3
1,265.4
1,332.2
1,432.6
Tubes, Pipes and Hoses
314.0
416.8
422.1
435.4
520.3
656.3
666.0
Vulcanized Rubber Thread and Cord
785.5
848.2
674.9
575.4
445.6
515.9
520.5
Sheath Contraceptives
282.8
277.1
336.8
354.0
325.5
431.0
388.5
Catheters
126.4
149.1
211.0
316.6
428.1
311.2
201.9
Seals and Gaskets
70.7
73.8
72.9
84.5
93.5
137.3
183.3
Foam Products
80.6
74.5
73.0
82.4
96.5
106.9
119.4
Precured Tread
74.2
58.5
44.7
42.4
97.7
97.6
95.3
Belting
56.6
54.9
70.0
42.8
39.2
32.2
35.3
Wire, Cable and Other Electrical Conductors
25.8
30.7
37.1
36.0
25.7
33.3
35.3
Finger Stalls
18.4
13.5
13.5
13.0
14.5
19.3
20.3
Teats & Soothers
12.4
11.8
12.9
17.0
8.3
15.5
14.4

Source: Department of Statistics (DOS), Malaysia

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Last Update : 20 October 2017